How to save more Tax

Often, investment for most individuals begins and ends with tax planning. Although it is pertinent to avail tax breaks, this should not be the sole focus. Start by jotting down your key financial objectives, the tentative time of money requirement and the corpus needed to achieve those goals. One can use tax saving investments effectively, to achieve financial goals.

Maximising your tax saving Exemptions/reimbursements – Identify the reimbursements available from the company and take maximum advantage of the same. Normal expenses that one incurs could help save tax. Example- Telephone/fuel reimbursements, meal vouchers and company car. A person in lower tax slabs can reduce his tax liability to nil with exemptions alone. Similarly, salaried employees staying in rented apartments can claim exemption under Section 10(5) of the Act in respect of house rent allowance by making the HRA a component of there salary.

Some of the popularly known Exemptions/Reimbursements

House Rent Allowance

Minimum of –
1. Actual HRA
2. Rent Paid – 10% of Basic
3. 40% of Basic (Non-Metros) or 50% of Basic (Metros)

Transport Allowance

1600 Per Month from A.Y. 2016-17

Leave Travel Allowance

Two trips in a block of 4 Yrs Amount not exceeding Air Economy or Rail AC-I Fare shall be for shortest distance and for a single destination


The interest component on your home loan has a separate limit of Rs 2 lakh. Income Tax Benefits from House Property and Loan

Section 80C allows a maximum limit of Rs 1.50 lakh across investments ranging from provident fund, PPF, infrastructure bonds, fixed deposits (5 years or more), Sukanya Samriddhi Account, NSC, insurance/pension plans, unit linked insurance, equity linked savings scheme etc. It also includes tuition fees of your children and the repayment of principal on your housing loan. Deduction under section 80C and Tax Planning

The interest component on your home loan has a separate limit of Rs 2 lakh. Income Tax Benefits from House Property and Loan.

Under Section 80D, you are allowed to claim a tax deduction of up to Rs 25,000 per financial year on medical insurance premiums. … However, if either you or your spouse is a senior citizen (i.e. aged 60 years and above), then the 80D deduction limit goes up to Rs 50,000

A person who have spent money on the maintenance (including medical treatment) of dependant persons with disability, could avail deductions 80DD of the Act. Section 80DD Deduction- Medical expense of disabled dependent.

Individuals paying interest on education loan should obtain the interest payment certificate under section 80E of the Act. Section 80E – Deduction for Interest on education Loan

Those who are suffering from not less than 40 per cent of any disability is eligible for deduction to the extent of Rs. 50,000/- and in case of severe disability to the extent of Rs. 100,000/- under section 80U of the Act. Deduction u/s. 80U for disabled persons


It reduces your tax liability by availing the deductions u/s (80CCD) which will be upto Rs.1,50,000/- under section 80 CDD(1) and an additional Rs.50,000/- under section 80CCD (1B) per assessment year (applicable from FY 2015-16/AY 2016-17)

Without NPS
With NPS
Gross salary
Basic Salary (40% of Gross salary)
NPS contribution (10% of Gross salary) -80CCD(1)
Additional contribution u/s 80CCD (1B)
Less: Total Deductions u/s 80CCD (1)and 80CCD (1B)
Less: NPS Deduction u/s 80CCE
Total Taxable Income
Total Tax @ applicable tax
Additional Tax Saving due to NPS

This is only for illustration & a ready reckoner. We do not offer tax ralated advisory. Please contact your tax consultant on tax related issues.